[Openpvrsgx-devgroup] [PATCH v2 1/8] RFC: dt-bindings: add img, pvrsgx.yaml for Imagination GPUs

H. Nikolaus Schaller hns at goldelico.com
Thu Nov 7 17:55:31 CET 2019


> Am 07.11.2019 um 15:35 schrieb Rob Herring <robh+dt at kernel.org>:
> 
> On Thu, Nov 7, 2019 at 5:06 AM H. Nikolaus Schaller <hns at goldelico.com> wrote:
>> 
>> The Imagination PVR/SGX GPU is part of several SoC from
>> multiple vendors, e.g. TI OMAP, Ingenic JZ4780, Intel Poulsbo
>> and others.
>> 
>> With this binding, we describe how the SGX processor is
>> interfaced to the SoC (registers, interrupt etc.).
>> 
>> Clock, Reset and power management should be handled
>> by a parent node or elsewhere.
> 
> That's probably TI specific...

Yes and no.

For example the img4780 seems to need a clock reference in the
gpu node. But it could maybe connected in a parent node like recent
TI SoC do with the target-module approach.

And our goal is to end up with a common driver for all SoC and architectures
in far future. Then, probably clock, reset and power management should
be handled in the same way.

> 
>> ---
>> 
>> I have used the doc2yaml script to get a first veryion
>> but I am still stuggling with the yaml thing. My impression
>> is that while it is human readable, it is not very human
>> writable... Unfortunately I haven't found a good tutorial
>> for Dummies (like me) for bindings in YAML.
> 
> Did you read .../bindings/example-schema.yaml? It explains the common
> cases and what schema are doing.

Yes.

> I recently added to it, so look at
> the version in linux-next.

Ah, ok. I haven't read that one.

> 
>> The big problem is not the YAML syntax but what the schema
>> should contain and how to correctly formulate ideas in this
>> new language.
>> 
>> Specific questions for this RFC:
>> 
>> * formatting: is space/tab indentation correct?
> 
> YAML requires spaces.

Which is quite uncommon if you aren't a python programmer...

>> * are strings with "" correct or without?
> 
> Generally only keys or values starting with '#' need quotes. There's
> other cases, but we simply don't hit them with DT. We tend to quote
> $ref values, but that's not strictly needed.

Ok. Good.

> 
>> * how do I specify that there is a list of compatible strings required in a specific order?
> 
> An 'items' list defines the order.

I see.

> 
>> * but there are multiple such lists, and only one of them is to be chosen?
> 
>                                                ^^^^^^
> 'oneOf' is the schema keyword you are looking for.

Ok.

> 
>> * how can be described in the binding that there should be certain values in
>>  the parent node (ranges) to make it work?
> 
> You can't. Schemas match on a node and work down from there. So you
> can do it, but it's more complicated. You'd need a custom 'select'
> select that matches on the parent node having the child node you are
> looking for (assuming the parent is something generic like
> 'simple-bus' which you can't match on). However, based on the example,
> I'd say checking 'ranges' is outside the scope of schema checks.
> 'ranges' doesn't have to be a certain value any more than every case
> of 'reg' (except maybe i2c devices with fixed addresses).

Ok.

> It's up to
> the .dts author how exactly to do address translation.

Well, my concern as a regular .dts author is that I usually treat
bindings as documentation and giving hints how to write a .dts and
what to take care of. If it is not complete, I get into big trouble.

> I would like to have more ranges/reg checks such as bounds checks and
> overlapping addresses, but I think we'd do those with code, not
> schema.
> 
>> I was not able to run
>> 
>>        make dt_binding_check dtbs_check
>> 
>> due to some missing dependencies (which I did not want to
>> invest time to research them) on my build host, so I could
>> not get automated help from those.
> 
> Dependencies are documented in Documentation/devicetree/writing-schema.rst.

One says it needs a libyaml but after installing one my HOSTCC didn't find
it. The other asks for another script which seems to be missing.


> 
>> ---
>> .../devicetree/bindings/gpu/img,pvrsgx.yaml   | 128 ++++++++++++++++++
>> 1 file changed, 128 insertions(+)
>> create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpu/img,pvrsgx.yaml
>> 
>> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpu/img,pvrsgx.yaml b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpu/img,pvrsgx.yaml
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..b1b021601c47
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpu/img,pvrsgx.yaml
>> @@ -0,0 +1,128 @@
>> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: None
> 
> Obviously not valid.

:)

> 
>> +%YAML 1.2
>> +---
>> +$id: http://devicetree.org/schemas/bindings/gpu/img,pvrsgx.yaml#
> 
> This should have been correct with the script, but you need to drop 'bindings'.

Ok.

> 
>> +$schema: http://devicetree.org/meta-schemas/core.yaml#
>> +
>> +title: Imagination PVR/SGX GPU
>> +
>> +maintainers:
>> +  - H. Nikolaus Schaller <hns at goldelico.com>
>> +description: |+
>> +  This binding describes the Imagination SGX5 series of 3D accelerators which
>> +  are found in several different SoC like TI OMAP, Sitara, Ingenic JZ4780,
>> +  Allwinner A83, and Intel Poulsbo and CedarView.
>> +
>> +  Only the Imagination SGX530, SGX540 and SGX544 GPUs are currently covered by
>> +  this binding.
>> +
>> +  The SGX node is usually a child node of some DT node belonging to the SoC
>> +  which handles clocks, reset and general address space mapping of the SGX
>> +  register area.
>> +
>> +properties:
>> +  compatible:
>> +    oneOf:
>> +      - item:
> 
> 'item/items'


Ok, as you described above we need "items".

> 
>> +        # BeagleBoard ABC, OpenPandora 600MHz
>> +        - const: "ti,omap3-sgx530-121", "img,sgx530-121", "img,sgx530", "img,sgx5"
> 
> Not valid YAML nor json-schema. Each value needs to be list item with 'const:'

Have to look up how that syntax is.

> Plenty of examples in bindings/arm/ with board/soc bindings.

Ok.

> 
>> +        # BeagleBoard XM, GTA04, OpenPandora 1GHz
>> +        - const: "ti,omap3-sgx530-125", "img,sgx530-125", "img,sgx530", "img,sgx5"
> 
> This needs to be a new 'items' list under 'oneOf'.

Ok!

> 
>> +        # BeagleBone Black
>> +        - const: "ti,am335x-sgx530-125", "img,sgx530-125", "img,sgx530", "img,sgx5"
>> +        # Pandaboard (ES)
>> +        - const: "ti,omap4-sgx540-120", "img,sgx540-120", "img,sgx540", "img,sgx5"
>> +        - const "ti,omap4-sgx544-112", "img,sgx544-112", "img,sgx544", "img,sgx5"
>> +        # OMAP5 UEVM, Pyra Handheld
>> +        "ti,omap5-sgx544-116", "img,sgx544-116", "img,sgx544", "img,sgx5"
>> +        "ti,dra7-sgx544-116", "img,sgx544-116", "img,sgx544", "img,sgx5"
> 
> Just gave up on trying to write a schema here?

Yes...

You see into what issues a first time YAML/schema writer with 35 years C but no
YAML, Python or JSON experience runs into...

Writing bindings as .txt was easy :)

> 
>> +        # CI20
>> +        "ingenic,jz4780-sgx540-120", "img,sgx540-120", "img,sgx540", "img,sgx5";
>> +
>> +  reg:
>> +    items:
>> +      - description: physical base address and length of the register area
> 
> For single entries, just 'maxItems: 1' is enough. Unless you have
> something special about this device, you don't need a description
> here.

I am not sure if I understand that yet.

> 
>> +
>> +  interrupts:
>> +     items:
>> +      - description: interrupt from SGX subsystem to core processor
>> +
>> +  clocks:
>> +     items:
>> +      - description: optional clocks
>> +
>> +  required:
>> +    - compatible
>> +    - reg
>> +    - interrupts
>> +
>> +examples: |
>> +  gpu at fe00 {
>> +       compatible = "ti,omap-omap5-sgx544-116", "img,sgx544-116", "img,sgx544", "img,sgx5";
>> +       reg = <0xfe00 0x200>;
>> +       interrupts = <GIC_SPI 21 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>;
>> +  };
>> +
>> +
>> +historical: |
> 
> This should be dropped. It's just for reference as you write the schema.

Yes that is clear. I kept it for reference what I intended to translate from.

> 
>> +  Imagination PVR/SGX GPU
>> +
>> +  Only the Imagination SGX530, SGX540 and SGX544 GPUs are currently covered by this binding.
>> +
>> +  Required properties:
>> +  - compatible:        Should be one of
>> +               "ti,omap3-sgx530-121", "img,sgx530-121", "img,sgx530", "img,sgx5"; - BeagleBoard ABC, OpenPandora 600MHz
>> +               "ti,omap3-sgx530-125", "img,sgx530-125", "img,sgx530", "img,sgx5"; - BeagleBoard XM, GTA04, OpenPandora 1GHz
>> +               "ti,am3517-sgx530-125", "img,sgx530-125", "img,sgx530", "img,sgx5";
>> +               "ti,am335x-sgx530-125", "img,sgx530-125", "img,sgx530", "img,sgx5"; - BeagleBone Black
>> +               "ti,omap4-sgx540-120", "img,sgx540-120", "img,sgx540", "img,sgx5"; - Pandaboard (ES)
>> +               "ti,omap4-sgx544-112", "img,sgx544-112", "img,sgx544", "img,sgx5";
>> +               "ti,omap5-sgx544-116", "img,sgx544-116", "img,sgx544", "img,sgx5"; - OMAP5 UEVM, Pyra Handheld
>> +               "ti,dra7-sgx544-116", "img,sgx544-116", "img,sgx544", "img,sgx5";
>> +               "ti,am3517-sgx530-?", "img,sgx530-?", "img,sgx530", "img,sgx5";
>> +               "ti,am43xx-sgx530-?", "img,sgx530-?", "img,sgx530", "img,sgx5";
>> +               "ti,ti81xx-sgx530-?", "img,sgx530-?", "img,sgx530", "img,sgx5";
>> +               "img,jz4780-sgx540-?", "img,sgx540-?", "img,sgx540", "img,sgx5"; - CI20
>> +               "allwinner,sun8i-a83t-sgx544-?", "img,sgx544-116", "img,sgx544", "img,sgx5"; - Banana-Pi-M3 (Allwinner A83T)
>> +               "intel,poulsbo-gma500-sgx535", "img,sgx535-116", "img,sgx535", "img,sgx5"; - Atom Z5xx
>> +               "intel,medfield-gma-sgx540", "img,sgx540-116", "img,sgx540", "img,sgx5"; - Atom Z24xx
>> +               "intel,cedarview-gma3600-sgx545", "img,sgx545-116", "img,sgx545", "img,sgx5"; - Atom N2600, D2500
>> +
>> +               The "ti,omap..." entries are needed temporarily to handle SoC
>> +               specific builds of the kernel module.
>> +
>> +               In the long run, only the "img,sgx..." entry should suffice
>> +               to match a generic driver for all architectures and driver
>> +               code can dynamically find out on which SoC it is running.
>> +
>> +
>> +  - reg:               Physical base address and length of the register area.
>> +  - interrupts:        The interrupt numbers.
>> +
>> +  / {
>> +       ocp {
>> +               sgx_module: target-module at 56000000 {
>> +                       compatible = "ti,sysc-omap4", "ti,sysc";
>> +                       reg = <0x5600fe00 0x4>,
>> +                             <0x5600fe10 0x4>;
>> +                       reg-names = "rev", "sysc";
>> +                       ti,sysc-midle = <SYSC_IDLE_FORCE>,
>> +                                       <SYSC_IDLE_NO>,
>> +                                       <SYSC_IDLE_SMART>;
>> +                       ti,sysc-sidle = <SYSC_IDLE_FORCE>,
>> +                                       <SYSC_IDLE_NO>,
>> +                                       <SYSC_IDLE_SMART>;
>> +                       clocks = <&gpu_clkctrl OMAP5_GPU_CLKCTRL 0>;
>> +                       clock-names = "fck";
>> +                       #address-cells = <1>;
>> +                       #size-cells = <1>;
>> +                       ranges = <0 0x56000000 0x2000000>;
>> +
>> +                       gpu at fe00 {
>> +                               compatible = "ti,omap-omap5-sgx544-116", "img,sgx544-116", "img,sgx544", "img,sgx5";
>> +                               reg = <0xfe00 0x200>;
>> +                               interrupts = <GIC_SPI 21 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>;
>> +                       };
>> +               };
>> +       };
>> +  };
>> --
>> 2.23.0
>> 

BR and thanks for the help towards a PATCH v3,
Nikolaus




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