[Letux-kernel] [PATCH v5 5/7] MIPS: DTS: jz4780: Account for Synopsys HDMI driver and LCD controllers

Paul Cercueil paul at crapouillou.net
Sun Nov 7 20:05:35 CET 2021


Hi,

Le dim., nov. 7 2021 at 14:45:37 +0100, H. Nikolaus Schaller 
<hns at goldelico.com> a écrit :
> Hi Paul,
> 
>>  Am 05.10.2021 um 23:52 schrieb Paul Cercueil <paul at crapouillou.net>:
>> 
>>  Hi Paul,
>> 
>>  Le mar., oct. 5 2021 at 23:44:12 +0200, Paul Boddie 
>> <paul at boddie.org.uk> a écrit :
>>>  On Tuesday, 5 October 2021 22:50:12 CEST Paul Cercueil wrote:
>>>>  Hi Nikolaus & Paul,
>>>>  Le mar., oct. 5 2021 at 14:29:17 +0200, H. Nikolaus Schaller
>>>  <hns at goldelico.com> a écrit :
>>>>  >
>>>>  > diff --git a/arch/mips/boot/dts/ingenic/jz4780.dtsi
>>>>  > b/arch/mips/boot/dts/ingenic/jz4780.dtsi
>>>>  > index 9e34f433b9b5..c3c18a59c377 100644
>>>>  > --- a/arch/mips/boot/dts/ingenic/jz4780.dtsi
>>>>  > +++ b/arch/mips/boot/dts/ingenic/jz4780.dtsi
>>>>  > @@ -424,6 +424,51 @@ i2c4: i2c at 10054000 {
>>>>  >
>>>>  >  		status = "disabled";
>>>>  >
>>>>  >  	};
>>>>  >
>>>>  > +	hdmi: hdmi at 10180000 {
>>>>  > +		compatible = "ingenic,jz4780-dw-hdmi";
>>>>  > +		reg = <0x10180000 0x8000>;
>>>>  > +		reg-io-width = <4>;
>>>>  > +
>>>>  > +		clocks = <&cgu JZ4780_CLK_AHB0>, <&cgu JZ4780_CLK_HDMI>;
>>>>  > +		clock-names = "iahb", "isfr";
>>>>  > +
>>>>  > +		assigned-clocks = <&cgu JZ4780_CLK_HDMI>;
>>>>  > +		assigned-clock-rates = <27000000>;
>>>>  Any reason why this is set to 27 MHz? Is it even required? 
>>>> Because with
>>>>  the current ci20.dts, it won't be clocked at anything but 48 MHz.
>>>  EXCLK will be 48MHz, but the aim is to set the HDMI peripheral 
>>> clock to 27MHz,
>>>  which is supposedly required. I vaguely recall a conversation 
>>> about whether we
>>>  were doing this right, but I don't recall any conclusion.
>> 
>>  But right now your HDMI clock is 48 MHz and HDMI works.
> 
> Is it? How did you find out?
> 
> And have you tried to remove assigned-clocks from jz4780.dtsi?
> 
> 1. I read back:
> 
> root at letux:~# cat /sys/kernel/debug/clk/hdmi/clk_rate
> 26909090
> root at letux:~#
> 
> So for me it seems to be running at ~27 MHz.
> 
> 2. If I remove the assigned-clocks or assigned-clock-rates from DT
> the boot process hangs shortly after initializing drm.
> 
> 3. If I set assigned-clock-rates = <48000000>, HDMI also works.
> 
> I get it read back from /sys/kernel/debug/clk/hdmi/clk_rate
> of 46736842.
> 
> 4. Conclusions:
> * assigned-clocks are required
> * it does not matter if 27 or 48 MHz
> * I have no idea which value is more correct
> * so I'd stay on the safe side of 27 MHz
> 
> 5. But despite that found, please look into the programming
> manual section 18.1.2.16. There is an
> 
> "Import Note: The clock must be between 18M and 27M, it occurs
> fatal error if exceeding the range. "

Ok, that's the important information that was missing.

So 27 MHz is OK.

> 6. Therefore I think it *may* work overclocked with 48MHz
> but is not guaranteed or reliable above 27 MHz.
> 
> So everything is ok here.

One thing though - the "assigned-clocks" and "assigned-clock-rates", 
while it works here, should be moved to the CGU node, to respect the 
YAML schemas.

Cheers,
-Paul

> 
>> 
>>>>  > +
>>>>  > +		interrupt-parent = <&intc>;
>>>>  > +		interrupts = <3>;
>>>>  > +
>>>>  > +		/* ddc-i2c-bus = <&i2c4>; */
>>>>  > +
>>>>  > +		status = "disabled";
>>>>  > +	};
>>>>  > +
>>>>  > +	lcdc0: lcdc0 at 13050000 {
>>>>  > +		compatible = "ingenic,jz4780-lcd";
>>>>  > +		reg = <0x13050000 0x1800>;
>>>>  > +
>>>>  > +		clocks = <&cgu JZ4780_CLK_TVE>, <&cgu JZ4780_CLK_LCD0PIXCLK>;
>>>>  > +		clock-names = "lcd", "lcd_pclk";
>>>>  > +
>>>>  > +		interrupt-parent = <&intc>;
>>>>  > +		interrupts = <31>;
>>>>  > +
>>>>  > +		status = "disabled";
>>>>  I think you can keep lcdc0 enabled by default (not lcdc1 though), 
>>>> since
>>>>  it is highly likely that you'd want that.
>>>  As far as I know, the clock gating for the LCD controllers acts 
>>> like a series
>>>  circuit, meaning that they both need to be enabled. Some testing 
>>> seemed to
>>>  confirm this. Indeed, I seem to remember only enabling one clock 
>>> and not
>>>  getting any output until I figured this weird arrangement out.
>> 
>>  I'm not talking about clocks though, but about LCDC0 and LCDC1.
> 
> Ah, you mean status = "okay"; vs. status = "disabled";
> 
> Well, IMHO it is common practise to keep SoC subsystems disabled by
> default (to save power and boot time) unless a board specific DTS 
> explicitly
> requests the SoC feature to be active. See for example mmc0, mmc1 or 
> i2c0..i2c4.
> 
> All these are disabled in jz4780.dtsi and partially enabled in 
> ci20.dts.
> 
> Why should lcdc0 be an exception in jz4780.dtsi?
> 
> BR and thanks,
> Nikolaus
> 




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