[Letux-kernel] [PATCH] modpost: remove use of non-standard strsep() in HOSTCC code

Masahiro Yamada masahiroy at kernel.org
Sun Jun 28 09:52:59 CEST 2020


On Sun, Jun 28, 2020 at 3:17 PM H. Nikolaus Schaller <hns at goldelico.com> wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> > Am 28.06.2020 um 07:51 schrieb Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy at kernel.org>:
> >
> > On Thu, Jun 25, 2020 at 5:47 PM H. Nikolaus Schaller <hns at goldelico.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> strsep() is neither standard C nor POSIX and used outside
> >> the kernel code here. Using it here requires that the
> >> build host supports it out of the box which is e.g.
> >> not true for a Darwin build host and using a cross-compiler.
> >> This leads to:
> >>
> >> scripts/mod/modpost.c:145:2: warning: implicit declaration of function 'strsep' [-Wimplicit-function-declaration]
> >>  return strsep(stringp, "\n");
> >>  ^
> >>
> >> and a segfault when running MODPOST.
> >>
> >> See also: https://stackoverflow.com/a/7219504
> >>
> >> So let's add some lines of code separating the string at the
> >> next newline character instead of using strsep(). It does not
> >> hurt kernel size or speed since this code is run on the build host.
> >>
> >> Fixes: ac5100f5432967 ("modpost: add read_text_file() and get_line() helpers")
> >> Signed-off-by: H. Nikolaus Schaller <hns at goldelico.com>
> >> ---
> >> scripts/mod/modpost.c | 7 ++++++-
> >> 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/scripts/mod/modpost.c b/scripts/mod/modpost.c
> >> index 6aea65c65745..8fe63989c6e1 100644
> >> --- a/scripts/mod/modpost.c
> >> +++ b/scripts/mod/modpost.c
> >> @@ -138,11 +138,16 @@ char *read_text_file(const char *filename)
> >>
> >> char *get_line(char **stringp)
> >> {
> >> +       char *p;
> >>        /* do not return the unwanted extra line at EOF */
> >>        if (*stringp && **stringp == '\0')
> >
> > This check does not make sense anymore.
> >
> > Previously, get_line(NULL) returns NULL.
> >
> > With your patch, get_line(NULL) crashes
> > due to NULL-pointer dereference.
>
> Well, that is original code.


Sorry for confusion.

I meant this:

  char *s = NULL;
  get_line(&s);


In the current code, get_line(&s) returns NULL.
As 'man strsep' says this:
  "If *stringp is NULL, the strsep() function returns NULL
   and does nothing else."

With your patch, **stringp will cause
NULL-pointer dereference.






>
> I have only replaced the strsep() function.
> But yes, it looks to be better in addition to
> my patch.
>
> >
> >
> >
> >>                return NULL;
> >>
> >> -       return strsep(stringp, "\n");
> >> +       p = *stringp;
> >> +       while (**stringp != '\n')
> >> +               (*stringp)++;
> >
> >
> > Is this a safe conversion?
> >
> > If the input file does not contain '\n' at all,
> > this while-loop continues running,
> > and results in the segmentation fault
> > due to buffer over-run.
>
> Ah, yes, you are right.
>
> We should use
>
> +       while (**stringp && **stringp != '\n')
>
> >
> >
> >
> >> +       *(*stringp)++ = '\0';
> >> +       return p;
> >> }
> >
> >
> >
> > How about this?
> >
> > char *get_line(char **stringp)
> > {
> >        char *orig = *stringp;
>
> ^^^ this still segfaults with get_line(NULL)


This is OK.

get_line(NULL) should crash because we never expect
the case  ' stringp == NULL'.

We need to care about the case ' *stringp == NULL'.
In this case, get_line() should return NULL.




> >        char *next;
> >
> >        /* do not return the unwanted extra line at EOF */
> >        if (!orig || *orig == '\0')
> >                return NULL;
> >
> >        next = strchr(orig, '\n');
> >        if (next)
> >                *next++ = '\0';
> >
> >        *stringp = next;
>
> Yes, this code is easier to understand than my while loop.
> And strchr() is POSIX.
>
> So should I submit an updated patch or do you want to submit
> it (with a suggested-by: H. Nikolaus Schaller <hns at goldelico.com>)

Please send a patch.
(Co-developed-by if you want to give some credit to me)

> BR and thanks,
> Nikolaus Schaller
>
>


--
Best Regards
Masahiro Yamada


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