[Letux-kernel] [PATCH v5 1/6] nvmem: add driver for JZ4780 efuse

Paul Cercueil paul at crapouillou.net
Sat Feb 22 16:38:14 CET 2020


Hi Nikolaus,


Le sam., févr. 22, 2020 at 11:25, H. Nikolaus Schaller 
<hns at goldelico.com> a écrit :
> From: PrasannaKumar Muralidharan <prasannatsmkumar at gmail.com>
> 
> This patch brings support for the JZ4780 efuse. Currently it only 
> exposes
> a read only access to the entire 8K bits efuse memory and nvmem cells.
> 
> Tested-by: Mathieu Malaterre <malat at debian.org>
> Signed-off-by: PrasannaKumar Muralidharan <prasannatsmkumar at gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Mathieu Malaterre <malat at debian.org>
> Signed-off-by: H. Nikolaus Schaller <hns at goldelico.com>
> Signed-off-by: Paul Cercueil <paul at crapouillou.net>
> ---
>  drivers/nvmem/Kconfig        |  10 ++
>  drivers/nvmem/Makefile       |   2 +
>  drivers/nvmem/jz4780-efuse.c | 229 
> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  3 files changed, 241 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/nvmem/jz4780-efuse.c
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/nvmem/Kconfig b/drivers/nvmem/Kconfig
> index 35efab1ba8d9..8143e6e1dd82 100644
> --- a/drivers/nvmem/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/nvmem/Kconfig
> @@ -55,6 +55,16 @@ config NVMEM_IMX_OCOTP_SCU
>  	  This is a driver for the SCU On-Chip OTP Controller (OCOTP)
>  	  available on i.MX8 SoCs.
> 
> +config JZ4780_EFUSE
> +	tristate "JZ4780 EFUSE Memory Support"
> +	depends on MACH_INGENIC || COMPILE_TEST
> +	depends on HAS_IOMEM

You're using regmap, so you need to select REGMAP_MMIO here.

> +	help
> +	  Say Y here to include support for JZ4780 efuse memory found on
> +	  all JZ4780 SoC based devices.
> +	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
> +	  will be called nvmem_jz4780_efuse.
> +
>  config NVMEM_LPC18XX_EEPROM
>  	tristate "NXP LPC18XX EEPROM Memory Support"
>  	depends on ARCH_LPC18XX || COMPILE_TEST
> diff --git a/drivers/nvmem/Makefile b/drivers/nvmem/Makefile
> index 6b466cd1427b..65a268d17807 100644
> --- a/drivers/nvmem/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/nvmem/Makefile
> @@ -18,6 +18,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_NVMEM_IMX_OCOTP)	+= nvmem-imx-ocotp.o
>  nvmem-imx-ocotp-y		:= imx-ocotp.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_NVMEM_IMX_OCOTP_SCU)	+= nvmem-imx-ocotp-scu.o
>  nvmem-imx-ocotp-scu-y		:= imx-ocotp-scu.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_JZ4780_EFUSE)		+= nvmem_jz4780_efuse.o
> +nvmem_jz4780_efuse-y		:= jz4780-efuse.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_NVMEM_LPC18XX_EEPROM)	+= nvmem_lpc18xx_eeprom.o
>  nvmem_lpc18xx_eeprom-y	:= lpc18xx_eeprom.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_NVMEM_LPC18XX_OTP)	+= nvmem_lpc18xx_otp.o
> diff --git a/drivers/nvmem/jz4780-efuse.c 
> b/drivers/nvmem/jz4780-efuse.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..08b63de0e9cc
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/nvmem/jz4780-efuse.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,229 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
> +/*
> + * JZ4780 EFUSE Memory Support driver
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2017 PrasannaKumar Muralidharan 
> <prasannatsmkumar at gmail.com>
> + * Copyright (c) 2020 H. Nikolaus Schaller <hns at goldelico.com>
> + */
> +
> +/*
> + * Currently supports JZ4780 efuse which has 8K programmable bit.
> + * Efuse is separated into seven segments as below:
> + *
> + * 
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------
> + * | 64 bit | 128 bit | 128 bit | 3520 bit | 8 bit | 2296 bit | 2048 
> bit |
> + * 
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------
> + *
> + * The rom itself is accessed using a 9 bit address line and an 8 
> word wide bus
> + * which reads/writes based on strobes. The strobe is configured in 
> the config
> + * register and is based on number of cycles of the bus clock.
> + *
> + * Driver supports read only as the writes are done in the Factory.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/bitops.h>
> +#include <linux/clk.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/nvmem-provider.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/regmap.h>
> +#include <linux/timer.h>
> +
> +#define JZ_EFUCTRL		(0x0)	/* Control Register */
> +#define JZ_EFUCFG		(0x4)	/* Configure Register*/
> +#define JZ_EFUSTATE		(0x8)	/* Status Register */
> +#define JZ_EFUDATA(n)		(0xC + (n) * 4)
> +
> +#define EFUCTRL_ADDR_MASK	0x3FF
> +#define EFUCTRL_ADDR_SHIFT	21
> +#define EFUCTRL_LEN_MASK	0x1F
> +#define EFUCTRL_LEN_SHIFT	16
> +#define EFUCTRL_PG_EN		BIT(15)
> +#define EFUCTRL_WR_EN		BIT(1)
> +#define EFUCTRL_RD_EN		BIT(0)
> +
> +#define EFUCFG_INT_EN		BIT(31)
> +#define EFUCFG_RD_ADJ_MASK	0xF
> +#define EFUCFG_RD_ADJ_SHIFT	20
> +#define EFUCFG_RD_STR_MASK	0xF
> +#define EFUCFG_RD_STR_SHIFT	16
> +#define EFUCFG_WR_ADJ_MASK	0xF
> +#define EFUCFG_WR_ADJ_SHIFT	12
> +#define EFUCFG_WR_STR_MASK	0xFFF
> +#define EFUCFG_WR_STR_SHIFT	0
> +
> +#define EFUSTATE_WR_DONE	BIT(1)
> +#define EFUSTATE_RD_DONE	BIT(0)
> +
> +struct jz4780_efuse {
> +	struct device *dev;
> +	struct regmap *map;
> +	struct clk *clk;
> +	unsigned int rd_adj;
> +	unsigned int rd_strobe;
> +};
> +
> +/* We read 32 byte chunks to avoid complexity in the driver. */

I don't see how reading 32 byte chunks avoids complexity in the driver; 
the 'size' variable here could very well be an argument.

> +static int jz4780_efuse_read_32bytes(struct jz4780_efuse *efuse, 
> char *buf,
> +				     unsigned int addr)
> +{
> +	unsigned int tmp;
> +	u32 ctrl;
> +	int ret;
> +	const int size = 32;
> +
> +	ctrl = (addr << EFUCTRL_ADDR_SHIFT)
> +		| ((size - 1) << EFUCTRL_LEN_SHIFT)
> +		| EFUCTRL_RD_EN;
> +
> +	regmap_update_bits(efuse->map, JZ_EFUCTRL,
> +			   (EFUCTRL_ADDR_MASK << EFUCTRL_ADDR_SHIFT) |
> +			   (EFUCTRL_LEN_MASK << EFUCTRL_LEN_SHIFT) |
> +			   EFUCTRL_PG_EN | EFUCTRL_WR_EN | EFUCTRL_RD_EN, ctrl);
> +
> +	ret = regmap_read_poll_timeout(efuse->map, JZ_EFUSTATE,
> +				       tmp, tmp & EFUSTATE_RD_DONE,
> +				       1 * MSEC_PER_SEC, 50 * MSEC_PER_SEC);
> +	if (ret < 0) {
> +		dev_err(efuse->dev, "Time out while reading efuse data");
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	return regmap_bulk_read(efuse->map, JZ_EFUDATA(0),
> +				buf, size / sizeof(u32));
> +}
> +
> +/* main entry point */
> +static int jz4780_efuse_read(void *context, unsigned int offset,
> +			     void *val, size_t bytes)
> +{
> +	struct jz4780_efuse *efuse = context;
> +	int ret;
> +	const int size = 32;
> +
> +	while (bytes > 0) {
> +		unsigned int start = offset & ~(size - 1);
> +		unsigned int chunk = min(bytes, (start + size) - offset);

Why do you need to check for the address alignment?

> +
> +		if (start == offset && chunk == size) {
> +			ret = jz4780_efuse_read_32bytes(efuse, val, start);
> +			if (ret < 0)
> +				return ret;
> +
> +		} else {
> +			char buf[32];
> +
> +			ret = jz4780_efuse_read_32bytes(efuse, buf, start);
> +			if (ret < 0)
> +				return ret;
> +
> +			memcpy(val, &buf[offset - start], chunk);

Why do you need this cumbersome process of reading 32 bytes if you need 
less than that? This looks over-complex to me.

> +		}
> +
> +		val += chunk;
> +		offset += chunk;
> +		bytes -= chunk;
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static struct nvmem_config jz4780_efuse_nvmem_config __initdata = {
> +	.name = "jz4780-efuse",
> +	.size = 1024,

The efuse is 8 KiB.

> +	.word_size = 1,
> +	.stride = 1,
> +	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
> +	.reg_read = jz4780_efuse_read,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct regmap_config jz4780_efuse_regmap_config = {
> +	.reg_bits = 32,
> +	.val_bits = 32,
> +	.reg_stride = 4,
> +	.max_register = JZ_EFUDATA(7),
> +};
> +
> +static int jz4780_efuse_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> +	struct nvmem_device *nvmem;
> +	struct jz4780_efuse *efuse;
> +	struct nvmem_config cfg;
> +	unsigned long clk_rate;
> +	struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
> +	void __iomem *regs;
> +
> +	efuse = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*efuse), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!efuse)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	regs = devm_platform_ioremap_resource(pdev, 0);
> +	if (IS_ERR(regs))
> +		return PTR_ERR(regs);
> +
> +	efuse->map = devm_regmap_init_mmio(dev, regs,
> +					   &jz4780_efuse_regmap_config);
> +	if (IS_ERR(efuse->map))
> +		return PTR_ERR(efuse->map);
> +
> +	efuse->clk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, NULL);
> +	if (IS_ERR(efuse->clk))
> +		return PTR_ERR(efuse->clk);
> +
> +	clk_rate = clk_get_rate(efuse->clk);

You didn't enable the clock before, so clk_get_rate can return a bogus 
value.

> +
> +	efuse->dev = dev;
> +	/*
> +	 * rd_adj and rd_strobe are 4 bit values
> +	 * bus clk period * (rd_adj + 1) > 6.5ns
> +	 * bus clk period * (rd_adj + 5 + rd_strobe) > 35ns
> +	 */
> +	efuse->rd_adj = (((6500 * (clk_rate / 1000000)) / 1000000) + 1) - 1;

I can't get my head around this calculus. Try this:

/* 1 / 6.5ns == 153846154 Hz */
efuse->rd_adj = clk_rate / 153846154;

The efuse read should be *at least* 6.5ns, so no need to bother with 
the -1/+1.

> +	efuse->rd_strobe = ((((35000 * (clk_rate / 1000000)) / 1000000) + 1)
> +						- 5 - efuse->rd_adj);

/* 1 / 35ns == 28571429 Hz */
efuse->rd_strobe = max(0, clk_rate / 28571429 + 1 - 5 - efuse->rd_adj);

> +
> +	if (efuse->rd_adj > 0x1F || efuse->rd_strobe > 0x1F) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Cannot set clock configuration\n");
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	regmap_update_bits(efuse->map, JZ_EFUCFG,
> +			   (EFUCFG_RD_ADJ_MASK << EFUCFG_RD_ADJ_SHIFT) |
> +			   (EFUCFG_RD_STR_MASK << EFUCFG_RD_STR_SHIFT),
> +			   (efuse->rd_adj << EFUCFG_RD_ADJ_SHIFT) |
> +			   (efuse->rd_strobe << EFUCFG_RD_STR_SHIFT));
> +
> +	cfg = jz4780_efuse_nvmem_config;
> +	cfg.dev = &pdev->dev;
> +	cfg.priv = efuse;
> +
> +	nvmem = devm_nvmem_register(dev, &cfg);
> +	if (IS_ERR(nvmem))
> +		return PTR_ERR(nvmem);
> +
> +	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, nvmem);

This isn't used anywhere.

> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id jz4780_efuse_match[] = {
> +	{ .compatible = "ingenic,jz4780-efuse" },
> +	{ /* sentinel */ },
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, jz4780_efuse_match);
> +
> +static struct platform_driver jz4780_efuse_driver = {
> +	.probe  = jz4780_efuse_probe,
> +	.driver = {
> +		.name = "jz4780-efuse",
> +		.of_match_table = jz4780_efuse_match,
> +	},
> +};
> +module_platform_driver(jz4780_efuse_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("PrasannaKumar Muralidharan 
> <prasannatsmkumar at gmail.com>");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("H. Nikolaus Schaller <hns at goldelico.com>");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Paul Cercueil <paul at crapouillou.net>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Ingenic JZ4780 efuse driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> --
> 2.23.0
> 




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