[Gta04-owner] [PATCH 3/4] mmc: sdio: support switching to 1-bit before turning off clocks

NeilBrown neilb at suse.de
Fri Jan 30 20:05:37 CET 2015


According to section 7.1.2 of

http://www.sandisk.com/media/File/OEM/Manuals/SD_SDIO_specsv1.pdf

    In the case where the interrupt mechanism is used to wake the host while
    the card is in a low power state (i.e. no clocks), Both the card and the
    host shall be placed into the 1-bit SD mode prior to stopping the clock.


This is particularly important for the Marvell "libertas" wifi chip
in the GTA04.  While in 4-bit mode it will only signal an interrupt
when the clock is running (which is why setting CLKEXTFREE is
important in omap_hsmmc).
In 1-bit mode, the interrupt is asynchronous (explained in OMAP3
TRM description of the CIRQ flag to MMCHS_STAT:

  In 1-bit mode, interrupt source is asynchronous (can be a source of
  asynchronous wakeup).
  In 4-bit mode, interrupt source is sampled during the interrupt
  cycle.

)

It is awkward to simply set 1-bit mode in ->runtime_suspend
as that will call mmc_set_ios which calls ops->set_ios(),
which will likely call pm_runtime_get_sync(), on the device that
is currently suspending.  This deadlocks.

So:
 - create a work_struct to schedule setting of 1-bit mode
 - introduce an 'sdio_narrowed' state flag which transitions:
     0 (normal) -> 1 (convert to 1-bit pending) ->
         2 (have switch to 1-bit mode) -> 0 (normal)
 - create a function mmc_sdio_want_no_clocks() which can be called
   when the driver wants to turn off clocks (presumably after an
   idle timeout).  This either succeeds (in 1-bit mode) or fails
   and schedules the work to switch to 1-bit mode.
 - when the host is claimed, if sdio_narrowed is 2, restore the
   4-bit bus
 - When the host is released, if sdio_narrowed is 1, then some
   caller other  than our worker claimed the host first, so
   clear sdio_narrowed.

This all allows a graceful and race-free switch to 1-bit mode
before switching off the clocks, if SDIO interrupts are enabled.

A host should call mmc_sdio_want_no_clocks() when about to turn of
clocks if sdio interrupts are enabled, and the ->disable() function
should not use a timeout (pm_runtime_put_autosuspend) if
->sdio_narrowed is 2.

Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neil at brown.name>
---
 drivers/mmc/core/core.c  |   18 ++++++++++++++----
 drivers/mmc/core/sdio.c  |   42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 include/linux/mmc/core.h |    2 ++
 include/linux/mmc/host.h |    2 ++
 4 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mmc/core/core.c b/drivers/mmc/core/core.c
index 051198073d21..21068fe75c30 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/core/core.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/core/core.c
@@ -921,8 +921,14 @@ int __mmc_claim_host(struct mmc_host *host, atomic_t *abort)
 		wake_up(&host->wq);
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&host->lock, flags);
 	remove_wait_queue(&host->wq, &wait);
-	if (host->ops->enable && !stop && host->claim_cnt == 1)
-		host->ops->enable(host);
+	if (!stop && host->claim_cnt == 1) {
+		if (host->ops->enable)
+			host->ops->enable(host);
+		if (atomic_read(&host->sdio_narrowed) == 2) {
+			sdio_enable_4bit_bus(host->card);
+			atomic_set(&host->sdio_narrowed, 0);
+		}
+	}
 	return stop;
 }
 
@@ -941,8 +947,12 @@ void mmc_release_host(struct mmc_host *host)
 
 	WARN_ON(!host->claimed);
 
-	if (host->ops->disable && host->claim_cnt == 1)
-		host->ops->disable(host);
+	if (host->claim_cnt == 1) {
+		if (atomic_read(&host->sdio_narrowed) == 1)
+			atomic_set(&host->sdio_narrowed, 0);
+		if (host->ops->disable)
+			host->ops->disable(host);
+	}
 
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&host->lock, flags);
 	if (--host->claim_cnt) {
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/core/sdio.c b/drivers/mmc/core/sdio.c
index 5bc6c7dbbd60..9761e4d5f49b 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/core/sdio.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/core/sdio.c
@@ -288,7 +288,7 @@ static int sdio_disable_wide(struct mmc_card *card)
 }
 
 
-static int sdio_enable_4bit_bus(struct mmc_card *card)
+int sdio_enable_4bit_bus(struct mmc_card *card)
 {
 	int err;
 
@@ -313,6 +313,45 @@ static int sdio_enable_4bit_bus(struct mmc_card *card)
 	return err;
 }
 
+static void mmc_sdio_width_work(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+	struct mmc_host *host = container_of(work, struct mmc_host,
+					     sdio_width_work);
+	atomic_t noblock;
+
+	atomic_set(&noblock, 1);
+	if (__mmc_claim_host(host, &noblock))
+		return;
+	if (atomic_read(&host->sdio_narrowed) != 1) {
+		/* Nothing to do */
+		mmc_release_host(host);
+		return;
+	}
+	if (sdio_disable_wide(host->card) == 0)
+		atomic_set(&host->sdio_narrowed, 2);
+	else
+		atomic_set(&host->sdio_narrowed, 0);
+	mmc_release_host(host);
+}
+
+int mmc_sdio_want_no_clocks(struct mmc_host *host)
+{
+	if (!(host->caps & MMC_CAP_SDIO_IRQ) ||
+	    host->ios.bus_width == MMC_BUS_WIDTH_1)
+		/* Safe to turn off clocks */
+		return 1;
+
+
+	/* In 4-bit mode the card needs the clock
+	 * to deliver interrupts, so it isn't safe
+	 * to turn of clocks just yet
+	 */
+	atomic_add_unless(&host->sdio_narrowed, 1, 1);
+
+	schedule_work(&host->sdio_width_work);
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmc_sdio_want_no_clocks);
 
 /*
  * Test if the card supports high-speed mode and, if so, switch to it.
@@ -1100,6 +1139,7 @@ int mmc_attach_sdio(struct mmc_host *host)
 		goto err;
 	}
 
+	INIT_WORK(&host->sdio_width_work, mmc_sdio_width_work);
 	/*
 	 * Detect and init the card.
 	 */
diff --git a/include/linux/mmc/core.h b/include/linux/mmc/core.h
index 160448f920ac..faf6d1be0971 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmc/core.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmc/core.h
@@ -212,4 +212,6 @@ struct device_node;
 extern u32 mmc_vddrange_to_ocrmask(int vdd_min, int vdd_max);
 extern int mmc_of_parse_voltage(struct device_node *np, u32 *mask);
 
+extern int sdio_enable_4bit_bus(struct mmc_card *card);
+extern int mmc_sdio_want_no_clocks(struct mmc_host *host);
 #endif /* LINUX_MMC_CORE_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/mmc/host.h b/include/linux/mmc/host.h
index 0c8cbe5d1550..7e6a54c49a15 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmc/host.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmc/host.h
@@ -350,6 +350,8 @@ struct mmc_host {
 	struct task_struct	*sdio_irq_thread;
 	bool			sdio_irq_pending;
 	atomic_t		sdio_irq_thread_abort;
+	struct work_struct	sdio_width_work;
+	atomic_t		sdio_narrowed; /* 1==pending, 2==complete*/
 
 	mmc_pm_flag_t		pm_flags;	/* requested pm features */
 




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